Obsessive-compulsive disorder, a characteristic that you might drop on anyone in your normal day if you notice its commitment to hygiene or something else, but are all discreet behavior and urgent thinking yet obsessive-compulsive? Read the article and find out more...
What is obsessive-compulsive disorder?
It is a type of mental disorder associated with anxiety, characterized by irrational (and obsessive) thoughts and fears that lead to forced repetition of certain behaviors (compulsive), which impedes daily life. Sometimes people with obsessive-compulsive disorder are aware of the fact that their obsessive behaviors are illogical and try to ignore or change them, but these attempts increase feelings of distress and anxiety, so these actions are mandatory for them to relieve the feeling of distress.
Causes of obsessive-compulsive disorder
There is no clear and explicit cause for obsessive-compulsive disorder, and theories about possible obsessive-compulsive disorder causative agents include:
- Biological factors: This may be the consequence of a chemical change in brain function.
- Genetic factors and genetic factors.
- External factors: can be caused by infections.
Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder may have symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, compulsive behavior, or both, but these symptoms may also interfere with other aspects of life, such as work, education, and personal relationships, and obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms:
- Mania, which includes persistent repeated thoughts, or mental images that cause anxiety.
- Fear of germs or pollution.
- Forbidden thoughts and unwanted pressing perceptions of sex, religion, or harm.
- Ideas are aggressive towards others or the self.
- Coercion of behavior, which we can say about it is repeated behaviors A person who has obsessive-compulsive disorder feels the desire to do in response to a specific obsessive thought and that doing such behavior will pay them specific harm.
- Excessive cleaning or excessive hand-washing.
- Arrange things in a specific and accurate way.
- Checking things frequently, such as checking repeatedly to see if the door is closed or constant checking that the oven is not leaking gas.
- Compulsive count.
It is important to know that not all rituals or customs represent coercion, as everybody checks things sometimes, but a person with OCD in general:
- His thoughts or behaviors cannot be controlled, even when these thoughts or behaviors are recognized as excessive.
- Spend at least one hour a day on these thoughts or behaviors.
- He is not happy when performing behaviors or rituals, but he may feel comfortable for a brief period of anxiety caused by such thoughts.
- He suffers from major problems in their daily lives due to these thoughts or behaviors.
There is no drug therapy intended for obsessive-compulsive disorder, but its symptoms are treated with psychotherapy or medication, or, to be able to control how symptoms affect your life, treatments include:
1. Psychotherapy: Cognitive behavioral therapy can help change your thinking patterns, and reach its cause, in a template called exposure to prevention and response.
2. Relaxation: Simple things like meditation, yoga, and massage can alleviate OCD symptoms.
3. Drug therapy: Psychological drugs called inhibitors or tranquilizers help in the selective absorption of serotonin from people which contributes to controlling concerns and coercive behavior. Treatment may take from 2 to 4 months.
Sarrecchia, ED; Pallanti, S; Grassi, G; Cantisani, A; Pellegrini, M (2011). "Comorbidity of obsessive-compulsive disorder: clinical evaluation and the therapeutic implications"
Pediatric obsessive-compulsive Differential Diagnoses Archived at the Wayback Machine on 17 September 2012-2012