Hashimoto

Posted by Wen Dan Jiang on

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

You may have heard of Hashimoto 's disease that it causes thyroid damage, and several questions come to mind, what is the thyroid gland associated with Hashimoto 's disease? Is that a serious illness? What chances do you have of having it? In the following article, the most important information and details are given.

Definition of Hashimoto's Attributed Thyroiditis

It is a condition in which the immune system attacks the thyroid gland, the small gland located just below Adam's apple at the base of the neck. The thyroid gland is a part of the endocrine system, releasing hormones that regulate many of the body's functions.

Hashimoto 's disease also results in low thyroid function (hypothyroidism), also known as chronic lymphadenitis. The most common cause of hypothyroidism is the Hashimoto condition. It primarily affects women of the middle ages, but it can also happen in men and women of all ages and children.

Symptoms of Hashimoto's disease

You may not immediately note the signs or symptoms of Hashimoto 's disease, or you may note swelling in the forehead of your throat (goiter). Hashimoto's disease typically progresses gradually through the years, causing permanent thyroid damage, leading to a decrease in blood levels of thyroid hormones. The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism) are essentially the same. Indications and symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • Permanent fatigue and exhaustion.
  • The unusual feeling of cold.
  • Thinning of hair.
  • Memory problems.
  • Constipation.
  • Dry skin.
  • Depression.
  • Slow heart rate.
  • Increase in weight.
  • Hoarseness.
  • High levels of bad cholesterol in the body.
  • Pallor and dryness of the epidermis.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Fertility problems.
  • Heavy or irregular menstrual cycle.
  • Swelling and swelling in the eyes.
  • An enlarged thyroid gland may cause throat pain and difficulty swallowing.

Diagnosis

Tests for thyroid function in which doctors measure blood levels of thyroid hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) and a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which is the hormone that the thyroid gland produces to produce thyroid hormones, to evaluate thyroid function tests. Diagnosis is made based on clinical examination and blood test results to determine if the patient has antithyroid antibodies.

Treatment

There is no specific treatment for thyroiditis, according to Hashimoto. As most patients eventually develop hypothyroidism, then they should use hormonal replacement therapy for the rest of their lives. Thyroid hormone may also be useful in reducing the size of an enlarged thyroid gland.

Patients with thyroiditis, according to Hashimoto, should avoid excess iodine present in natural sources, such as kelp tablets and seaweed (which can cause hypothyroidism).

Complications

If left untreated, hypothyroidism caused by Hashimoto's disease may lead to a number of health problems:

  • Goiter
  • Heart problems
  • Mental health problems and depression may occur
  • Congenital anomalies
  • Mucosal edema

References

Bulacan, Francis S.; Morshed, Syed A.; Davies, Terry F. (1 January 2013). "Thyroid Autoantibodies: Their Role, Regulation, and Clinical Relevance". Journal of Thyroid Research.

"Hashimoto's disease – Symptoms and causes". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 5 October 2018

J Autoimmun. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2008 Mar 1.

Published in final edited form as: J Autoimmun. 2007; 28(2-3): 85–98. Published online 2007 Mar 21. doi: 10.1016/j.jaut.2007.02.006

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