Bone fracture

Posted by Wen Dan Jiang on

Bone fracture

Fractures can occur at every age, and each has typical fractures. Much more may happen without you noticing its symptoms, so you should be aware in advance of what bone fractures are and how their symptoms are and how they can be treated, and this is what we will discuss in this article.

Bone fracture

It is a change in the continuity of a building, due to the inability to sustain pressure or because of a force acting on a unit of area. Of the common health problems and without radiation, it is almost impossible to know if the patient has a fracture or not, there are layers of skin, muscle and fat between the bones and some people believe that they can know whether the bone is broken by whether the patient can use the affected area or not.

Symptoms of a broken bone

When the body is exposed to a strong external force that the body cannot resist, the bone is broken or cracked due to its inability to withstand this force, and injuries vary in terms of severity, and bone fractures are very painful for several reasons, such as the presence of nerve endings surrounding the fibers that may be damaged when the bone is broken, Also, broken bones usually bleed blood, causing fluid to accumulate and thus feeling pain. Also, muscle spasms in the area surrounding broken bones may have a role in the occurrence of pain, and pain is one of the symptoms of bone fracture, where there are many others, and symptoms of bone fracture Come:

  • Feeling of pain, whether in the fracture area or in another area.
  • Swelling of the area where the broken bones are located.
  • Inflammation around the area where the break occurred.
  • The ability to move the joints above or below the broken bones does not mean that the bones are intact, but rather that the muscles and joints are still working properly.
  • Feeling of numbness of the limbs as a result of damage to the nerves, and it is also possible to feel the cold or the feeling of the extremities mainly, because the limb is not sufficiently fed with blood, perhaps because the broken bone presses the blood vessel feeding that limb.

First aid to break the bone

If an individual suffers a serious injury that led to bone fractures and symptoms of bone fracture appear here, the emergency call must be called, and the emergency should be called in the following cases; Absence of consciousness, or the patient's inability to breathe, an inability to feel the pulse or in cases of severe bleeding, or feeling pain when making any movement, the appearance of an irregularity in the broken part or the emergence of a part of the bone outside the skin, and in these cases it is necessary to perform First aid until the arrival of the medical staff, which is as follows:

  • Not moving the patient.
  • Work to stop the bleeding by pressing the source of the bleeding.
  • Not moving the broken part.
  • Apply ice packs to reduce pain.
  • Work to raise the feet if possible, in the event of a patient fainting.

References

Types of Broken Bones: Symptoms, Treatment, Healing & Surgery. (2020, February 11). MedicineNet. https://www.medicinenet.com/broken_bone_types_of_bone_fractures/article.htm

The effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound on fresh fracture: A meta-analysis. (2017, September 1). PubMed Central (PMC). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5626319/

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